Bear Or Bull Meaning


The daily market ups and downs are most likely noise you may choose to ignore, but longer-term trends can affect your returns. A related theory is that the term “bear” originated with the market for bearskins. Middlemen in the trade would sell skins before they’d bought them from trappers. Investment services and the Brokerage Accounts for treasury securities are offered by Jiko Securities, Inc. (“JSI”). Explanatory brochure available upon request or at Past performance is not indicative of future performance.


  • Therefore, it’s essential to keep in mind your risk tolerance, having a diversified portfolio, and strategic thinking can minimize losses as the market changes.
  • In a general sense, however, a bull market is one in which a large percentage of stocks are moving upwards over a sustained period of time.
  • Wages rise and suppliers demand higher prices.Demand shrinks or remains steady as only essentials are required.
  • FMCGFast-moving consumer goods are non-durable consumer goods that sell like hotcakes as they usually come with a low price and high usability.
  • These professionals can help you determine how you may want to change your investments during a bear or bull market or whether you should stay the course.

If you see an angry bull or a bear headed your way, you probably don’t want to stick around to see why it’s coming after you. These formidable animals could cause serious damage, but referencing these animals has a completely different meaning when it comes to the stock market. Short selling occurs when an investor borrows a security, sells it on the open market, and expects to buy it back later for less money. However, not all long movements in the market can be characterized as bull or bear.

Bull Vs. Bear Market Origins

The most common usage of the is to refer to the S&P 500’s performance, which is generally considered a benchmark indicator of the entire stock market. It provides a platform for sellers and buyers to interact and trade at a price determined by market forces. Bulls are optimistic about asset prices, while bears are pessimistic. But one theory is that they come from a rather grisly bloodsport – popular in both Elizabethan England and gold rush era California – in which a bull would be pitted against a bear.

economic conditions

It’s not hard to see how this corresponds to the usage of the in today’s stock market speculations. Historically, the middlemen in the sale of bearskins would sell skins they had yet to receive. As such, they would speculate on the future purchase price of these skins from the trappers, hoping they would drop.

Bullish vs. bearish investors: What’s the difference?

Notably, the research that established the 4% Rule found this to be true through both bull and bear markets. Bull markets often exist side-by-side a strong, robust, and growing economy. Stock prices are informed by future expectations of profits and the ability of firms to generate cash flows.

We don’t own or control the products, services or content found there. To remember which is which, remember that bulls are known for being aggressive and charging ahead, , while bears are known for hibernating . This gives an indication that the indexes will move to downward and according to that, all the asset class will go down up to a certain level for a period of time.


If you could anticipate when bull or bear markets were going to begin and end, you could adjust your investments accordingly to take advantage of the changing conditions. The reality is that once bull and bear markets become clear to investors, it’s probably too late to take advantage of the change. A bull market is when a major stock market index rises at least 20% from a recent low. With a bull market, stock prices steadily increase, and investors are optimistic and encouraged about the stock market’s future performance. Bull markets generally take place when the economy is strengthening or when it is already strong.

Bear Market is defined as the market that is exactly opposite of the bull market. Equity investment options involve greater risk, including heightened volatility, than fixed-income options. Working with a financial professional can help you keep emotions in check, whether the market is a bull or a bear. Think of a bear with its nose pointed down and claws scratching down. Pulse Empowering companies to connect with their retail investors.

Our online trading courses are provided as a tool to learn different ways to trade in different markets. As a result you’ll be prepared for any market that comes your way when you know the bull and bear market definition. In the Graph 1 given below, the factors that have led to the bull and bear phases in the last 22 years from January 2000 till May 2022 have been highlighted. At the beginning of the period from Jan 2000 till May 2003 and after that from September 2010 till September 2013, the markets did not show any trend. It is observed that bull phases last longer than bear phases, over a long-term trend.

What It Means For Investors

However, it’s a correction and not the beginning of a bear market. Therefore, while investing, do not worry about which phase you are investing in, as long as you invest for the long term. Markets rise and fall and phases of bull runs and bear periods occur; how you maneuver the journey will determine whether you are going to emerge a winner or a loser. A bull and bear market phase occurs due to various economic factors.

In this case, bulls represent a rising market, because when bulls attack, they thrust their horns upwards, whereas when bears attack, they claw downwards. The above content provided and paid for by Public and is for general informational purposes only. It is not intended to constitute investment advice or any other kind of professional advice and should not be relied upon as such. Before taking action based on any such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. We do not endorse any third parties referenced within the article. Market and economic views are subject to change without notice and may be untimely when presented here.

The investors’ belief about stock prices influences the prices themselves in a self-fulfilling prophecy – where investors create market circumstances. A bull market indicates a sustained increase in price, whereas a bear market denotes sustained periods of downward trending stock prices – typically 20% or more. Historically, bear markets tend to be shorter than bull markets.

period of time

Securities & Exchange Commission defines a bull market as a rise of 20% or more in a broad market index over at least two months. In a general sense, however, a bull market is one in which a large percentage of stocks are moving upwards over a sustained period of time. Understanding that a bull market signals rising stock prices and a strong economy, while a bear market signals falling stock prices and possibly a weak economy is crucial to any type of investor.

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From 2000 to 2009, the market struggled and delivered average annual returns of -6.2%. More specifically, however, a bear market describes any stock index or individual stock that drops 20% or more from its recent highs. A bull market, on the other hand, typically rises 20% from recent bear market lows and reaches record benchmark highs. Since World War II, it has taken about two years on average for the stock market to recover, or reach its previous high.

When someone is bullish, it means they are expecting prices to rise over a certain period of time. The term applies to broad market indexes such as the S&P 500, specific industries, entire asset classes such as real estate or commodities and even individual stocks. It might help to think of a charging bull raising its horns to remember that to be bullish is to expect prices to charge higher. While bull markets generally don’t cause people too much stress, bear markets often inspire anxiety and uncertainty.

Regardless of whether you’re trading, long-term investing, or simply joining a conversation, you can benefit from learning the definition of these terms. Bulls think prices are going higher, while bears think they’re headed lower. Try not to get caught up in trying to anticipate when a bull or bear market might begin or end. Think of your investments as part of your overall financial plan and do your best to take a long-term view.

Bulls toss enemies in the air and bears throw them in the dirt

The recovery from the global financial crisis in 2008 took 1,376 trading days. It took markets even longer to reach their previous peak after the dot-com crash in 2000, at 1,803 trading days, or more than seven years. Both bear and bull markets will have a large influence on your investments, so it’s a good idea to take some time to determine what the market is doing when making an investment decision. Remember that over the long term, the stock market has always posted a positive return. Although a bull market or a bear market condition is marked by the direction of stock prices, there are some accompanying characteristics that investors should be aware of. The stock market can be bearish even while bull markets are occurring in other asset classes and vice versa.

For example, you can increase the amount of cash and reduce the number of growth stocks in your portfolio. You can also select bonds or mutual funds that perform better during a bear market, such as gold funds and sector funds that focus on health care and consumer staples. While both the Barings bank and the Bulteel bank did in fact exist, there are a couple problems here.

SpeculatorsA speculator is an individual or financial institution that places short-term bets on securities based on speculations. For example, rather than focusing on the long-term growth prospects of a particular company, they would take calculated risks on a stock with the potential of yielding a higher return. In the first phase, Investor sentiment and prices of securities are very high, but the investors are extracting maximum profits and exiting the market. Market IndexesA market index tracks the performance of a diverse selection of securities that make up a significant part of the financial market.