Sentence |Defination| Parts| Kinds :

What is Sentence ?

In order to communicate the ideas we uses words either to speak or write . “ A group of words which combines to form a string of words making complete sense , is called a SENTENCE.”

The features of sentence are given below :

1) A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense by itself.

2) A sentence begins with a capital letter.

3) The words in a sentence are written in proper order.

4) It has a verb.

5) Sentence consists of SUBJECT and PREDICATE.

6)A sentence ends with either a full stop(.), a question mark (?) Or an exclamation mark (!) .

For example :

(a) John plays football.

(b) How hot the milk is !

(c)What is your name ?

PARTS OF SENTENCE :

When we make a sentence , we keeps in mind about the two things.

2) And we say something about that person/place/thing.

Or we can say we must have someone to talk about i.e., Subject and something to say about that someone i.e., Predicate

This means every sentence consists of two parts :

1)Subject –

The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about , this is called the SUBJECT of the sentence .

2) Predicate –

The part of which tells something about the subject , this is called the PREDICATE of the sentence .

Therefore the Structure of Sentence is :

Subject + predicate ,

Here , predicate consists of

Auxiliary/Helping verb + main verb + object

For example :

John plays football

Here ,John – Subject

Plays football – Predicate.

KINDS OF SENTENCE :

Sentences are of four kinds

1)Assertive/Declarative Sentences

2) Imperative Sentences

3)Exclamatory Sentences

4)Interrogative Sentences

• Assertive/Declarative Sentences :

Those sentences which –

•says or states something

•can be affirmative or negative

•is always followed by full stop

For example :

a) The Sun shines brighter than Moon.( Affirmative/Positive)

b) The Moon doesn’t shines brighter than Sun ( Negative)

Here Sentence (a) is affirmative because it is making a positive statement ,

while sentence (b) is negative since it is making a negative statement.

It’s general structure is :

(a) Affirmative :

Subject + Helping verb + main verb + object.

(b) Negative :

Subject+ helping verb + Not + main verb + object.

2)Imperative Sentences :

Those Sentences which expresses :

a request

• order or instruction

•offer advice or an entreaty are called Imperative sentences.

For example :

(a)Please keep quiet .(Request)

(b)Don’t laugh . (command)

(c) You should be polite. ( advice)

It’s general structure :

•These Sentences begins with the verb

• In sentences that are requests PLEASE is used to begin the Sentences followed by the verbs.

3)Exclamatory Sentences :

A sentence that expresses strong feelings of •Surprise

•Admiration

•Appreciation

•wonder and shock.

An Exclamatory Sentence begins with what or how and ends with Exclamatory mark.

For example :

•He is an extraordinary boy. ( normal sentence)

•What an extraordinary boy he is ! ( Exclamatory Sentence)

It’s general Structure is :

Assertive –

subject + verb + rest of the Sentence.

Exclamatory –

New word ( What/How) + rest of the sentence + subject + verb + Exclamatory mark.

4) Interrogative Sentence :

A sentence that asks a question is known as Interrogative Sentence.

These are of two types :

•Yes / No questions

• Wh – questions

Note –

• In an Interrogative Sentence we place the auxiliary/ helping verb before the subject .

• Always put (?) in end of interrogative sentence.

For example :

(a) Are your Mr. Mohanti?

(b) What is your goal?

It’s general structure is:

• Subject + auxiliary verb + rest of the sentence. ( statement)

• Auxiliary verb+ Subject+ rest of the sentence + ? ( Interrogative sentence)

The features of sentence are given below :


1) A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense by itself.
2) A sentence begins with a capital letter.
3) The words in a sentence are written in proper order.
4) It has a verb.
5) Sentence consists of SUBJECT and PREDICATE.
6)A sentence ends with either a full stop(.), a question mark (?) Or an exclamation mark (!) .

For example :


(a) John plays football.
(b) How hot the milk is !
(c)What is your name ?

PARTS OF SENTENCE :

When we make a sentence , we keeps in mind about the two things
1) We name some person /place/thing
2) And we say something about that person/place/thing.

Or we can say we must have someone to talk about i.e., Subject and something to say about that someone i.e., Predicate

This means every sentence consists of two parts :

1)Subject –

The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about , this is called the SUBJECT of the sentence .


2) Predicate –

The part of which tells something about the subject , this is called the PREDICATE of the sentence .

Therefore the Structure of Sentence is :
Subject + predicate

Here predicate consists of
Auxiliary/Helping verb + main verb + object .

For example :
John plays football
Here
John – Subject
Plays football – Predicate.

KINDS OF SENTENCE :

Sentences are of four kinds :


•Assertive/Declarative Sentences
•Imperative Sentences
•Exclamatory Sentences
•Interrogative Sentences

1) Assertive/Declarative Sentences :

those sentences which –
•says or states something
•can be affirmative or negative
•is always followed by full stop

For example :


a) The Sun shines brighter than Moon.( Affirmative/Positive)
b) The Moon doesn’t shines brighter than Sun ( Negative)

Here Sentence (a) is affirmative because it is making a positive statement , while sentence (b) is negative since it is making a negative statement.

It’s general structure is :


(a) Affirmative :
Subject + Helping verb + main verb + object.
(b) Negative :
Subject+ helping verb + Not + main verb + object.

2)Imperative Sentences :


Those Sentences which expresses :
• a request
• order or instruction
•offer advice or an entreaty
are called Imperative sentences.

For example :


(a)Please keep quiet .(Request)
(b)Don’t laugh . (command)
(c) You should be polite. ( advice)

It’s general structure :


•These Sentences begins with the verb
• In sentences that are requests PLEASE is used to begin the Sentences followed by the verbs.

3)Exclamatory Sentences :


A sentence that expresses strong feelings of
• Surprise
• Admiration
•Appreciation
•wonder and shock.
An Exclamatory Sentence begins with what or how and ends with Exclamatory mark.

For example :


(a)
•He is an extraordinary boy. ( normal sentence)
•What an extraordinary boy he is ! ( Exclamatory Sentence)

It’s general Structure is :

Assertive – subject + verb + rest of the Sentence.
Exclamatory – New word ( What/How) + rest of the sentence + subject + verb + Exclamatory mark.

4) Interrogative Sentence :


A sentence that asks a question is known as Interrogative Sentence.

These are of two types :


•Yes / No questions
• Wh – questions

Note
• in an Interrogative Sentence we place the auxiliary/ helpingverb before the subject .
• Always put (?) in end of interrogative sentence.

For example :
(a) Are your Mr. Mohanti?
(b) What is your goal?

It’s general structure is:

• Subject + auxiliary verb + rest of the sentence. ( statement)
• Auxiliary verb+ Subject+ rest of the sentence + ? ( Interrogative sentence).

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