Introduction : Smart Cities In The World Of Technology
Smart Cities In The World Of Technology : The concept of Smart Cities originated in a U.S. information technology company IBM. The CEO Sam Palmisano put forward this concept of smart earth in the round-table in January 2009. The idea that smarter planet building would lead a new generation of economic investment. Acknowledged such concept as the information superhighway plan has since received wide and positive affirmation. Creation of Smart Cities is receiving policy focus in countries throughout the world.
One reason is that across the world, the stride of migration from rural to urban areas is accelerating numerically. By 2050, about 70 per cent of the population will be living in cities, and India is no exception. It will need about 500 new cities to accommodate the influx. Smart Cities offer a conceptual and practical tool box to deal with unprecedented urbanization.
Urbanization in India has historically viewed as a by- product of failed regional planning. It only now that it realized that it inevitable. However, the policy and practice surrounding urbanization will only change when the benefits of urbanization overtake the costs involved. It is an opportunity for achieving faster growth.
What is a Smart City?
• In ideal terms a working definition may be that a ‘Smart City’. It’s an urban region that highly advanced. In terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability.
• It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure. The basis for providing essential services to residents.
• There many technological platforms involved, including but not limited to automated sensor networks and data centers.
• Though this may sound futuristic. It is now likely to become a reality as the ‘smart cities’ movement unfolds in India.
• In a Smart City, economic development and activity is sustainable. Rationally incremental by virtue of being based on success-oriented market drivers such as supply and demand.
The Concept of Smart Cities : Smart Cities In The World Of Technology
The consolidated view on Smart Cities is, however, more tentative. Wikipedia defines Smart Cities as
• An emerging conceptual view of a city that promotes the use of Information. Communication Technologies (ICTs) to engage with citizens to develop social capital and intellectual capital. To make better use of hard infrastructure (physical capital). Reduce usage of environmental capital and support smart growth (sustainable economic development).
• However, there is no strict definition of a ‘Smart City’. We may define Smart Cities as those cities which have at least five of the eight parameters. Listed in the diagram.
Smart Governance : Smart Cities In The World Of Technology
• Smart Governance includes political and active participation, citizenship services and the smart use of e‐Government. In addition, it often relates to the use of new communication channels, such as e-government or “e‐democracy”.
• New Technologies enable the introduction of a new relationship between Local Governments and citizens; in particular regarding the introduction of public on‐line services and the use of New Technologies. To improve the participation of citizens in public decision‐making.
• In general, e‐ Government can considered as a concept that consists in improving public governance. The provision of public services through the use of ICT (e‐Government). Improving the consultation and decision‐making processes using ICT (e‐democracy) and improving public policy making. With the use of ICT, incorporating more critical agents throughout the process (e‐Government).
• In all these aspects, the role played by citizens has a special impact. The new relationship emerging from e‐Government has led to the emergence of a new kind of citizen, the e‐citizen.
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