Methods to conserve Natural Resources (definition)-Natural resources are materials created in nature that are used and usable by humans. They include natural substances (e.g., soil, water) and energy supplies (e.g., coal, gas) that serve to satisfy human needs and wants
Methods to conserve Natural Resources are as follows-
- Conservation of forest
- Mining and multi purpose dams
- Protection of wildlife.
- Conserve water
1.Conservation of forest:
Forests have found only in those areas which have adequate rains. So it do not grow in dry and snowy areas. However, As plants and animals live together in forest with mutual interdependence. That’s why it is mandatory to conserve the forest. It have various specific importance for us. They are the only source of timber and a rich source of fuel and other valuable products. Moreover, They also prevent soil erosion, damage to water sheds, trauma of floods and sedimentation. After that, It has also mentioned that the vast amount of waste carbon released by increasing in industrial activity and fast increasing automobile industries. Therefore, it contribute to global warming. To sum up it is disastrous for ecological balance in the world.
Plants and trees act as ‘sinks’ absorbing huge amount of carbon dioxide. Therefore, the dense tropical rain forests are extremely important for this task. It is a matter of fact that during last the last fifty years, about half of the world’s tropical forests have been cut down. In INDIA too we have failed to save the country’s tropical and other forests.
forests have called the “lungs of the world”.
AFFORESTATION program should emphasis on social level. Moreover, environmental forestry also need to be undertaken on a large scale; with active participation of people. Then only we save our forests.
2. Mining and multi purpose dams: (Methods to conserve Natural Resources)
Mining and construction of multi purpose dams, are two important industrial activities. most of the ore deposits in our country happen to be located in the forested pockets which are largely inhabited by tribal population. Therefore, mining projects cannot be avoided in deforestation on a massive scale and displacement of tribal. Extraction of industrially useful metals are necessary to meet the developmental needs of society. However it is essential to make up the loss caused by depletion of forests. So mining activity should have some action plan for biological restoration.
Dams have been constructing on big rivers for purposes of irrigation, hydroelectricity, canals, fishing, water transportation and flood control. About 700 dams have been constructed after independence. These dams are useful purposes. But also have adverse effects on the environment. In conclusion, the alkalinity of the land increases due to water drained from the canals of the dam and its fertility decreases. Due to spreading of continuous water in dams and canals the nearby area becomes unsuitable for agriculture. Moreover, human settlements have displaced from the dam areas. Therefore we should keep in mind that these activities must not undermine the eco-system. So we should try to get desirable results of growth without doing irreversible harm to ecology and environment.
“large number of smaller dams involving far less damage to ecology and environment”.
3. Protection of wildlife:
Wildlife are essential part of environment. That’s why it is necessary to protect them. Also it is important to conserve animals and birds for their valuable gifts. Indian wildlife is incomparable in its variety. It is instance, that the tiger, the lion and the leopard roam about in the same country. Also elephants and the one-horned rhinoceros have found here in abundance. India has more types of graceful deer and cats than any other country in the world. But it is unfortunate that many hunters continue to involve in illegal and indiscriminate killing of rare wildlife. Moreover there are few poachers who hunt some of the precious animals for their personal gain.
In order to protect the wildlife we, in India, have 86 national parks and 480 wildlife sanctuaries. moreover to save the rapidly decreasing population of the tigers in India, the central government had launched ‘Operation Tiger’ in 1973. Similarly, the government also implements a special project for the conservation of rhinos in Assam and also launched captive breeding and rehabilitation for white-winged in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Moreover to check illegal activities of hunters and poachers; we must have some laws, rules and regulations and they all need to be enforced strictly.
4.Conserve water: (Methods to conserve Natural Resources)
This often involves simple practices or JUST PAYING ATTENTION. Ensure that taps are tightly twist off when they are not in use. Take less time while showering aids to conserve gallons of water. The water-saving by limiting showers is enormous! Lots of clean tap water has wasted while you apply soap on your hands. Inquire about sensor water taps which only release water when hands get close enough. They can be quite water-conserving.
Reusing water from sinks and showers to water outdoor gardens or backyards can also be a useful practice. Some families completely release their wastewater into the backyard which can yield strong smells. Try that practice only if you have a huge backyard or you live on the countryside and can release the waste onto the farm.
NOTE: hope this article will you for better understanding of this topic and situation. All the best! https://www.theworldcounts.com/stories/depletion-of-natural-resources