Foreign Policy(Meaning):- The foreign policy is the group of principles; which has adopted by one nation to seek its national interests. So The decision to establish stable relations with other nation and implementation of this decision is, the foreign policy of a nation. Thus it is a permanent policy based on national values.
India’s Foreign Policy:
India’s foreign policy has a great impact on the world. The cultural past of India has extremely glorious. India has been making constantly efforts to build amicable relations not only with neighboring countries but also with far-flung nations. The roots of India’s foreign policy are in the origin of developed civilizations since centuries which include ancient, medieval thoughts and British policies. National Movement, Indian National Congress and impact of Gandhian philosophy. Therefore All these have been contributing factors.
Main aims of it:
- SO, To make India a powerful force in the world.
- Get financial support from other countries for India’s industrial growth.
- Also to oppose colonialism and imperialism.
- To support freedom movements of Asian and African nations.
- Therefore to maintain close relations with the common wealth countries.
- To build necessary conditions for development of foreign trade.
- Also to protect the interests of non-resident Indians.
- So that to bring Asian and African nations together for protecting mutual economic and public interests.
- TO back and support UN.
The following are the factors:
- Geographical factor
- Non-Aligned Movement
- Historical Traditions
- National Interests
1. Geographical factor responsible for foreign policy :
India’s geographical areas and its huge sea and mountain borders; in Asia has played major role in shaping India’s policy; however India’s trade and security depends on these factors.
2. Non-Aligned Movement:
The world was split into two groups-Capitalist and Communist.
Therefore the animosity between the two resulted in cold war. Consequently, alienating itself from them; India maintained its position as non-aligned nation and helped in reducing tension between two lobbies.
3. Historical Tradition:
Peace occupies a place of utmost importance in Indian policy. Also, India has its own history of ancient culture. To date India has never tried to force its supremacy on any nation. Therefore this tradition is perceptible in today’s policy.
4. National Interests:
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru had said in the constituent assembly that the base of any country’s policy lies in the protection of its national interests. Moreover the goal of our international policy lies in this fact.
Therefore the above principles have helped India in realizing its objective and have given boost to our foreign policy.
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