Learn about Data Security: Threats, Risks & Solutions


Data Security involves putting in place specific controls, standard policies, and procedures to protect data from a range of issues, including:

  • Unauthorized access
  • Accidental loss
  • Destruction
Data Security Vs Data Privacy: An Imperative Distinction to Protect Data
data security and data privacy

Data security can include certain technologies in administrative and logistical controls. It can even incorporate the physical aspect of security to limit access, manipulation, or disclosure of sensitive data. Most organizations, if not all, have some type of data security controls, some much more robust than others.

These controls can also include implementing safeguards to prevent access to areas such as websites, computers, and any kind of personal or business databases. As such, data security remains one of the most important considerations for any serious entity.


  • Whether we are talking of bank customers’ details or a hospital’s patients’ information; Data security keeps all this information exactly where it’s meant to be.
  • Important for your reputation: Any organization that can keep secrets also helps to build confidence among all stakeholders including customers, who know that their data is both safe and secure.
  • Marketing and competitive edge: Keeping sensitive information from illegal access and disclosure keeps you ahead of your competitors. Preventing any access to your future development or expansion plans is key in maintaining your competitive advantage.
  • Saves on development and support costs: The earlier you plug security features into your application, the less costs you may incur from any future support and development costs in terms of code modifications.


  • Costly fines and litigationsData breaches are usually serious offenses which can lead to legal actions from the customer against an organization. Failure to comply with any applicable state or federal data protection regulations can result in fines exceeding hundreds of thousands of dollars, depending on the severity of the breach, the number of individuals affected, and the company’s attempts (or lack thereof) to notify consumers and mitigate risks.
  • Reputation damage: Privacy and security of data are important, especially to your customers. If you don’t meet your end of this bargain – keeping your customers’ data secure in exchange for their business – your reputation as an organization can go up in flames. Customers tend to lose faith and confidence in a company that cannot keep their private information well-protected. Loss of business and a damaged reputation can often be even more costly over time than the hefty regulatory fines you also might be facing.
  • Loss of businessCyber attackers have the potential to not only access and exploit sensitive information; they can also delete the same information. They can even introduce a highly destructive virus which infects the whole system, such as ransomware, requiring the payment of a ransom fee in order to regain access to your networks and sensitive data.


As an organization keen to make data security your number one agenda, the following best practices can prove to be quite useful:

  • Use both external and internal firewalls: These are a sure and effective defense against any kind of cyber-attack. Using both types of firewalls gives you even more protection for your data.
  • Have a clearly defined policy: Lay out each point of data security as part of employee training. The more comprehensive, thorough, and clear the training, the safer data is likely to be in your organization.
  • Enforce data backup: All data, whether the HR database, electronic spreadsheets, or accounts files, should be backed up. In the event of hardware or software failure, breach, or any other error to data; a backup allows for business to continue with minimal interruption.


Here are key things to consider when training a team for data security:

  • Go over the data policy: Ensure that all employees who access the networks have the necessary knowledge regarding the company’s security policies and guidelines.
  • Clearly define roles/access: Certain members of your team need access to certain data. Others don’t need the same level of access. You should always strive to ensure proper access allocation by following the principle of least privilege. Offer refreshers and keep everyone up-to-date on current scams so they can be on the lookout.