South Africa map

Facts In Brief About South Africa

  • Area : 1,219,090 Sq. Km.
  • Population : 5.86 crores (2019)
  • Capital : Cape Town 
  • Currency : Rand 
  • Religions : Christinity, Islam, Hinduism
  • Government : Republic
  • Per capita income : 12,670 PPP dollars (2019)

South Africa’s Flag

South Africa’s flag, adopted in 1994 presents the country’s people coming together in unity. The coat of arms represent South Africa’s four original provinces.

Flag of South Africa

Ex United vires means unity in strength.

Officially Republic of South Africa.

South Africa is this southern most country on the African continent. It occupies only about 4% of the continents area and has only about 6% of its people.

South Africa is bordered by Namibia (Northwest), Botswana and Zimbabwe (North), Mozambique and swaziland (north-east and East), the Indian Ocean (southeast) and the Atlantic ocean (southwest).

The country entirely surrounded the independent state of Lesotho. South Africa’s executive capital is Pretoria, its legislative capital is Cape Town, and its judicial capital is Bloemfontein.

Area 470,693 square miles. Johannesburg, Cape town and Durban are South Africa’s largest urban centres.

The country has five land regions:

  1. The Plateau
  2. The Coastal Strip
  3. The Cape Mountains Region
  4. The Kalahari Desert
  5. The Namib Desert.

South Africa’s longest river is the orange river. It begins in Lesotho and flows westward about 2,100 km into the Atlantic.

South Africa is the richest and most economically developed country in Africa. South Africa produces more gold than any other country.

It is also all leading producer of coal, chromium, cooper, diamond, iron ore, Manganese, platinum and uranium.

It’s farmers produce almost all the food needed by the people. The country’s mines and farms also produce nearly all the raw materials needed for industry.

South Africa’s factories provide most of the countrie’s clothing, precedes foods, and machinery.

South Africa’s farmers produce almost all the food needed by its people. The leading crops include apples, corn, grapes, oranges, pineapples, potatoes, sugarcane, tobacco and wheat.

South Africa is one of the world’s chief sheep-raising countries and wool is its main agriculture export. Other leading farm products include beef and their dairy cattle, chickens, eggs, milk and wine.

Mega Cities


Pretoria, South Africa : The parliament building in Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa, are characteristic work of the architect sir Herbert Baker, who designed building in many British commonwealth countries.

Pretoria, South Africa


Johannesburg City Centre : The discovery of gold in the Witwatersrand in the 1880s brought people and business to the Transvaal highveld.

Johannesburg City Centre

After its beginning during the gold Rush, Johannesburg become South Africa’s largest city, situated at the centre of Southern Africa’s densest population cluster.


Fastest growing Durban City : The Indian ocean port of Durban is the Eastern KwaZulu natal province is the third largest city in South Africa and one of the fastest growing urban areas in the world.

Durban, Africa.

The Cape Peninsula : Mountains plunge straight into the sea along both the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean coats of the Cape peninsula is in South Africa.

Smitswinkl Bay is one of several small, isolated bays around the perimeter of false Bay, which is on the sparsely populated East side of the Peninsula south of the Cape Town.